Salvador Edward Luria was born in Torino, Italy, on August 13, 1912. He is a microbiologist whose work on phages became one of the new breakthroughs in the field of molecular biology. Together with Max Ludwig Henning Delbruck and Alfred Day Hershey, he was awarded the Nobel prize in the fields of physiology or medicine.

Salvador Edward Luria received training in medical science, but he was also interested in physics. After receiving a doctorate from the University of Torino, he worked at the Radium Institute in Paris to study medical physics, including radiation biology. There, he also learned about bacteriophages.

When France was occupied by the Nazis in 1940, Salvador Edward Luria arrived in the United States. For the first time, he worked at Columbia University, then accepted a position at Indiana University.

Furthermore, Salvador Edward Luria met with Max Ludwig Henning Delbruck in 1940, when Delbrueck was at Vanderbilt University, and Luria at the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Delbruck invited Salvador Edward Luria to the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory the following summer to work together to hold a phage experiment. Salvador Edward Luria accepted the offer, then the Fag group was born.

The scientists gathered at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory during the 1940s to experiment and speak scientific problems. The purpose of his research was to recognize the physical properties of genes.

To do this, they use the bacterium fiophag virus or abbreviated as “phage”. Bacteriophages are the simplest “creatures” that can be found, which have genes – biological equations for hydrogen atoms.

In the 1940s. Luria’s laboratory at Indiana University arrives for undergraduate students, namely James D. Watson, and postdoctoral, Renato Dulbecco.

Some time later, Salvador Edward Luria died in Lexington, United States, on February 6, 1991 when he was 78 years old.