Islamic civilization once had a prominent geographer and cartographer in the sixteenth century. The famous cartographer of the pride of the Ottoman Caliphate was named Piri Reis. He was born in 1465 AD in Gallipoli, Turkey – which is a coastal area – and died in 1554 AD Piri Reis whose full name is Hadji Muhiddin Piri Ibnu Hadji Mehmed. His father’s name was Haci Mehmed, while his uncle was a famous admirer at the time, Kemal Reis. Like children in general are influenced by the environment in which he lives. Since the early days he had struggled with the beach and the habit of sailing. No wonder when he was only 12 years old, he had joined his uncle, Kemal Reis.
Even though he was young, he apparently possessed an extraordinary amount of earth science knowledge. He did not feel hesitant to sail along with his uncle. And, those days became the beginning of his career in wading the seas and oceans with Kemal Reis. For 14 years, the uncle gave his guidance until finally Piri began working in the Ottoman Turkish Navy in 1481 AD. Piri Reis has participated in various expeditions in his career as a marine. During an expedition with the Ottoman Turkish Navy, Piri fought against the Royal Navy, Genoa and Venice.
In addition to being capable of wading through vast expanses of water, he is also good at pouring footage of his trips into a monumental work. In fact, this work becomes an important guide in the world of geography and seamanship.
The traces of Piri’s life began to be widely discussed when historians discovered the world map he made in 1513 AD The world map compiled by Piri Reis was found in Istanbul’s Topkapi Palace in 1929. The most amazing thing was that the Piri map also displayed a map of America in the time ancient.
In addition, the map made by Piri Reis is also phenomenal. Imagine, in his first world map, Piri managed to display a map with a very high degree of accuracy in terms of depicting distances and positions between continents in the world. The positions of the African and American continents are made in such detail and detail, including inserting images of South America. The greatness of piri also lies in its ability to describe the positions of continents and countries with accurate location. It is very difficult to find a cartographer as powerful as Piri Reis in his day. Some experts say Piri made her first world map by taking the center of the world map in the Sahara.
In 1528, Piri made his second world map depicting Greenland and North America, from Labardor, Newfoundland, to the north towards Florida, Cuba, and parts of Central America. Apparently Piri also has a collection of maps made by Christopher Columbus. According to historical records, Piri got the map from his uncle, Kemal Reis. The map itself was obtained when the uncle fought with Spanish troops and managed to capture seven Spanish ships in Valencia. Allegedly from there the Turkish navy seized the map from several Columbus crew.
Every holiday season arrives, Piri Reis often returns to her hometown. There, he not only remained silent and did nothing, he poured a recording of all his travels so far into a work until in 1513, he succeeded in making an accurate map of the world. In his work, he mapped the Atlantic Ocean and coastal regions in Europe. His work was given the title l-Bahriye (Book on Navigation) and this article is a monumental work for the marine world.
The I-Bahriye Book is one of the legendary works of Piri Reis. The book is a navigation book that is widely recognized for its greatness, very good and detailed. The I-Bahriye Book itself contains detailed information about the main ports, the sea, the bay, the peninsula, the headland, the various islands, the strait, as well as resting places in the Mediterranean Sea. In the book, Piri also wrote about information about the relationship between astronomy and navigation. In addition, he also informed about various kinds of navigation techniques in the ocean. The book also discusses the local people from every country around the Mediterranean Sea, including the local culture.
In the 434-page book, there are 290 maps. The book of I-Bahriye is divided into two important parts. The first part contains the types of storms at sea, techniques using a compass, as well as information about ports and beaches. He also wrote down navigation techniques based on stars and characteristics of the world’s major oceans. The second part of the Book of I-Bahriye contains instructions on the voyage. Each topic is equipped with a map image of the island and the beach. In this second part, he describes the Dardanela Strait, islands and beaches in the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Lonea, the Adriatic Sea, the Tirania Sea, the Ligurian Sea, and the French Riviera region.
Piri also completed his map with the Balearic Islands, the coast of Spain, the Strait of Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, the beaches of North Africa, Egypt, the Nile, as well as the beaches of Anatolia. In this section, he also wrote various important buildings and monuments in each city he visited. The first copies of Book I-Bahriye are found in various libraries and museums throughout the world. The first copy published in 1521 AD was found in the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, while the other copies were stored in the Nuruosmaniye library and the Suleymaniyah library in Istanbul, in the Vienna National Library, in the French National Library, in the British Museum in London, in the Bodleian Library in Oxford, also at the Walters art museum in Baltimore. While the second copy of the I-Bahriye Book was found in the Topkapi Palace, in the Kopruluzade Fazil Ahmed Pasha Library, and in the Suleymaniye Library in Turkey, and in the French National Library.
With this fact, Piri Reis has also made a real contribution to science, especially Geography and Nautics or Shipping. The knowledge they have developed is not only useful for Muslims, but is also used universally. Piri Reis, the admiral, has contributed to the greatness of the Ottoman Empire, and of course also to the fragrance of Islam. He has made great achievements with his work I-Bahriye which is still the sailing guide of the people afterwards.