George Berkeley is an Irish philosopher. He is the eldest son of a British immigrant living in Ireland. He was born on March 12, 1685 at Dyserc Castle, near Thomastown in Kilkenny. At the age of 11, he entered the Kilkenny school, and because of his rapid development, he was appointed to second grade. Then, at the age of 15, he entered Trinity College, Dublin. He obtained a scholarship in 1702 and obtained a bachelor’s degree two years later.
When completing his master’s education in 1707, he received a junior scholarship after passing the exam brilliantly. In 1709, he was appointed bishop of the Anglican church.
Berkeley’s life journey is quite long. He has spent time traveling in Europe and returning to England. However, during the last eighteen years of his life, Berkeley became a bishop in Ireland.
In the year he became bishop, he published Analyst (1734). In 1750, his oldest son died and it worsened his health. He was eager to return to Oxford and to be with his son who was studying there, he made the big decision to resign from his diocese. However, the King refused his request and stated that he could live anywhere, but he had to die as a bishop.
Berkeley moved to Oxford in 1752. He died there on January 14 of the following year and was buried in the Church of Christ.
Together with John Locke and David Hume, Berkeley is an English empirical philosopher who is famous for his courage in denying the existence of matter with very strong arguments and great logic.
He developed a view on visual recognition of distance and space. In addition, he also developed a metaphysical system similar to idealism to oppose skepticism.
His most well-known work is the Principles of Human Knowledge and Hylas and Fhilonous Dialogues.
Barkeley’s influence was large and wide. As far as one city in California is named after its name, the city of Berkeley.
The core of Berkeley’s philosophical views is about recognition. According to Berkeley, observations occur not because of the relationship between observing subjects and observed objects. Observation actually occurs because of the observational relationship between observing one sense and observing the other senses. For example, if someone observes the table, it might be because there is a connection between the sense of sight and the sense of touch. The sense of sight is only able to show the color of the table, while the shape of the table is known from the sense of touch. The senses also do not indicate the distance between the table and the person, because what allows distance recognition is the senses and other experiences. Thus Berkeley said that confession is only possible with something concrete.