Abul Qasim az-Zahrawi al-Qurtubi (Abulcasis) was a Muslim surgeon and dentist during the reign of Abdurrahman III. He was born in 936 AD in Al-Zahra, 6 miles from Cordoba, Andalusia. He died in 1013.
In Europe, Az-Zahrawi is known as Abulcasis. He is the author of the book (also known as the Az-Zahrawi book). Az-Zahrawi has a friend named Ibn al-Quff (1233 – 1286M) who composed the book of Al-Umbda.
They have used a variety of equipment made by themselves, and describe their knowledge clearly, so that their works are used as textbooks in Europe for several centuries.
Az-Zahrawi makes surgical or surgical instruments, techniques and types of operations, the development of dentistry and dental surgery, and dental surgical equipment. He is a well-known Muslim surgeon.
The European world recognizes the greatness of Az-Zahrawi, and makes his book as a reference for surgical medicine and European medicine curriculum for centuries. The book referred to here is At-Tasrif Liman Ajiza an at-Talif (The Method of Medicine). At-Tasrif is an encyclopedia that contains 30 volumes of books. The Gherrad of Cremona is the first book, the result of the translation into Latin in the Middle Ages.
As revealed by a European surgeon named Pietro Argallata, Az-Zahrawi is the father of medical surgery. In addition, a famous doctor from France, named Jacques Delechamps (1513-1588) also made At-Tasrif as a reference at that time.
Az-Zahrawi made many surgical instruments, such as instruments for examining the ears and urethra, instruments for removing foreign matter from the throat, and specializing in surgery with cauterization (using 50 different surgical techniques).
Az-Zahrawi is the person who first put forward the operation method in breast cancer in detail, the operation of bladder stone removal, thyroid cyst (thyroid cyst), and surgery on the tooth (dental operation).
Indeed, it is very rare to find a surgeon who controls all surgical operations such as Azahrawi. He is able to master general surgery, dental surgery, and even make his own surgical instruments. Az-Zahrawi deserves a Nobel Prize for his phenomenal work, and was used by surgeons in Europe for the next 5 centuries.
In the medical world, the name Abulcasis alias Az-Zahrawi never faded. He is the inventor of hemophilia. This disease has actually been around for a long time, but does not yet have a specific designation.
Meanwhile, the Talmud, which is a collection of writings of Jewish rabbis, two centuries after Christ stated that a baby boy should not be circumcised if his two brothers suffered death due to circumcision.
A bright spot was discovered after Az-Zahrawi in the 12th century wrote in his book about a family whose sons in the family always died after bleeding due to minor injuries. He suspected that the condition did not happen by accident.