Who was the pioneer of braille writing? It was a Muslim professor named Ali Ibnu Ahmed Ibnu Yusuf Ibnu AI-Khizr AI-Amidi who first pioneered the creation of a writing system for the blind. Al-Amidi has been blind since he was born into the world. However, the limitations of vision did not dampen his enthusiasm for learning and continued to explore knowledge. The Syrian scientist was famous as a legal expert and foreign language expert. The modern world may only know Louis Braille (1809-1852) as the only inventor of the writing system for the visually impaired. In fact, 600 years before Braille, Islamic civilization pioneered the birth of a writing system for the visually impaired. Unfortunately, this important breakthrough created by a Muslim scientist in the thirteenth century AD seemed to have vanished in time.
In order to be able to explore knowledge and knowledge, Al-Amidi succeeded in creating a writing system for people with disabilities. With the writing system he created, the scientist who died in 1314 AD was able to read and write books. People with visual impairments are known to have extraordinary touch skills. The blessing was able to be used by Al-Amidi to explore knowledge. With the ability to touch and touch, he was not only able to place and store books on a shelf, but Al-Amidi was also able to determine the page number of a book. In addition, he is also able to find out the value of a book by setting book spacing.
Unfortunately, Al-Amidi’s services and dedication in creating a writing system for people with disabilities is like being lost to the times. History also seems to forget the invaluable contribution that Muslim scientists have made. Not only is his work buried in the hustle and bustle of the age, the figure of Al-Amidi is also almost never mentioned in the history of Islamic civilization.
Really ironic indeed. Even in almost all history books, traces of al-Amidi are very difficult to find. No wonder the citizens of the world only know French Braille as the inventor of the Braille letters. In 1824, Braille invented a type of touch writing system specifically used by blind people. Initially, the writing system was designed by Braille when he was 15 years old to make it easier for soldiers to read in the dark.
The writing system, which consists of cells that have six dots, began to become popular two years after Braille died. Since then, people with visual impairments throughout France began to use Braille for reading and writing. Braille itself consists of 63 characters. Each character or cell consists of six dots – three horizontal dots and three other dots.
Awareness to revive Al-Amidi’s life history and contributions began to emerge in Saudi Arabia in 1975 and 1981, and in Egypt in 1961. Since then, March 31, 1975 was celebrated as blind days and in 1981 was declared an international year of people with disabilities.